این سایت سعی دارد سایت های برتر سراسر ایران را معرفی کند ما با نمایش دادن پیش نمایشی از سایت، کاربران را به دیدن کامل مطالب سایت های معرفی شده دعوت میکنیم فلذا هیچ لینک، عکس، و متنی از سایت های معرفی شده کپی نمیشود.

    castrate

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    Castration

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    Castration

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    This article is about the practice as applied to humans. For livestock, see Neutering.

    Not to be confused with Penis removal or Emasculation.

    A medical illustration by Sharaf ad-Din depicting an operation for castration, c. 1466

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    Castration is any action, surgical, chemical, or otherwise, by which an individual loses use of the testicles: the male gonad. Surgical castration is bilateral orchiectomy (excision of both testicles), while chemical castration uses pharmaceutical drugs to deactivate the testes. Castration causes sterilization (preventing the castrated person or animal from reproducing); it also greatly reduces the production of hormones, such as testosterone and estrogen. Surgical castration in animals is often called neutering.

    The term is sometimes also used to refer to the removal of the ovaries in the female, otherwise known as an oophorectomy, or the removal of internal testes, otherwise known as gonadectomy.[]

    The equivalent of castration for female animals is spaying. Estrogen levels drop following oophorectomy, and long-term effects of the reduction of sex hormones are significant throughout the body.[1] Castration of animals is intended to favor a desired development of the animal or of its habits, as an anaphrodisiac or to prevent overpopulation.

    The term may also be sometimes used to refer to emasculation where both the testicles the penis are removed together. In some cultures, and in some translations, no distinction is made between the two.

    Contents

    1 History

    1.1 Africa and the Middle East

    1.2 Europe 1.2.1 Myth 1.2.2 Slavery 1.2.3 Punishment 1.2.4 Modern era 1.3 China

    1.3.1 Non-Han peoples

    1.4 Korea 1.5 Vietnam 1.6 Americas 1.7 Iran

    2 Modern trafficking

    3 Prevention of crime

    3.1 Criticism

    4 Torture and war crimes

    5 Music 6 Religion 6.1 Hinduism 6.2 Christianity 6.3 Judaism 6.4 Islam 6.5 Others

    7 Medical consequences

    8 Psychoanalysis and literary theory

    9 Chemical castration

    10 Animals 11 See also 12 References 13 Bibliography 14 External links

    History[edit]

    : fresco by Vasari & Cristofano Gherardi (c. 1560, Sala di Cosimo I, Palazzo Vecchio, Florence)

    It is unknown when castration was first practiced, nor where it was invented. It may be that it arose independently in more than one place, but there is evidence that it was practiced as far back as 4,000 BC based on descriptions in the cult of Ishtar and Uruk. It may have arisen in the Neolithic period in response to animal husbandry, rising populations and population specialisation.[2]

    Castration was frequently used for religious or social reasons in certain cultures in Europe, South Asia, Africa, and East Asia.

    Castrated men—eunuchs – were often admitted to special social classes and were used particularly to staff bureaucracies and palace households: in particular, the harem. Castration also figured in a number of religious castration cults. Other religions, such as Judaism, were strongly opposed to the practice. The Leviticus Holiness code, for example, specifically excludes eunuchs or any males with defective genitals from the priesthood, just as castrated animals are excluded from sacrifice.

    Eunuchs in China had been known to usurp power in many eras of Chinese history, most notably in the Later Han, late Tang and late Ming dynasties.

    In ancient times, castration often involved emasculation or the total removal of all the male genitalia. This involved great danger of death due to bleeding or infection and, in some states, such as the Byzantine Empire, was seen as the same as a death sentence. Removal of only the testicles had much less risk.

    Either surgical removal of both testicles or chemical castration may be carried out in the case of prostate cancer.[3] Testosterone-depletion treatment (either surgical removal of both testicles or chemical castration) is used to slow down the cancer, greatly reduce sex drive or interest in those with sexual drives, obsessions, or behaviors, or any combination of those that may be considered deviant. Surgical removal of one or both testicles known as orchidectomy is the most common treatment for testicular cancer.[4]

    منبع مطلب : en.wikipedia.org

    Castrate Definition & Meaning

    The meaning of CASTRATE is to deprive (a male animal or person) of the testes; also, chiefly in technical contexts : to deprive (a female animal or person) of the ovaries. How to use castrate in a sentence.

    castrate

    1 of 2

    verb

    cas·​trate ˈka-ˌstrāt

    castrated; castrating

    transitive verb 1

    : to deprive (a male animal or person) of the testes

    The sexes of sheep are not ascertained by agriculturists until several months after birth, at the period when the males are castrated.

    Charles Darwin

    The infamous Emperor Nero was said to have had one of his slaves castrated by his surgeons.

    Joanne Nadol

    also, chiefly in technical contexts : to deprive (a female animal or person) of the ovaries

    2 a

    : to render impotent

    a drug used to chemically castrate sex offenders

    b

    : to deprive of virility : EMASCULATE

    Throughout his writing life Hemingway constantly criticized and satirized Fitzgerald, whom he felt had been psychologically castrated by Zelda, couldn't hold his liquor, had no personal dignity, and publicly humiliated himself.

    Jeffrey Meyers c

    : to deprive of vitality, strength, or effectiveness

    The bill was castrated by removal of the enforcement provisions.

    … a barrage of questions about whether energy policy dictated by the White House would castrate the EPA's drive to clean up air pollution.

    Nature castration ka-ˈstrā-shən noun castrator ˈka-ˌstrā-tər noun castratory ˈka-strə-ˌtȯr-ē adjective castrate 2 of 2

    noun

    pluralcastrates

    : a castrated individual

    Arango was a well-known celibate with a special devotion to St. Erasmus of Delft, the castrate.

    Donald Barthelme

    Castration of meat-producing male animals has been widely used for a very long time, mainly for an easier control of their behaviour and the higher propensity of castrates to deposit fat, a commodity that has been in high demand until quite recently.

    Carrick Devine and M. Dikeman

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    Synonyms

    Verb damp dampen deaden dehydrate desiccate devitalize enervate geld lobotomize petrify

    See all Synonyms & Antonyms in Thesaurus

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    Example Sentences

    Verb

    Farmers castrated the bull calf.

    a movie version that castrates the hard-hitting novel

    Recent Examples on the Web

    Verb

    Members of the lynch mob cut off Hose’s ears and fingers one by one before castrating him.

    James Forman Jr., The Atlantic, 3 Sep. 2017

    It's revealed that the men in the cult aren't allowed to masturbate, a policy which closely mirrors the rules of David Koresh's cult (Koresh fathered all of the children in the cult, and had every male member castrated).

    Amy Mackelden, Harper's BAZAAR, 1 Nov. 2017

    Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman Bob Corker said Trump’s comments were the equivalent of castrating the secretary in public.

    Fortune, 15 Oct. 2017

    Samson was castrated and converted to Islam and became Hassan Aga the Chief Eunuch and Treasurer to the Ottoman ruler of Algiers.

    Jerry Brotton, The Atlantic, 13 Sep. 2017

    Suranart brought in a team of veterinarians to trap males and then castrate them.

    James Hookway, WSJ, 9 Aug. 2017

    The expensive and easily injured animals are often castrated to improve their tempers.

    Kat Eschner, Smithsonian, 4 May 2017

    And here one is tempted to muse on the risks of direct democracy and the perilous downsides of castrating expertise while empowering the unwashed masses.

    Seth Stevenson, Slate Magazine, 17 Feb. 2017

    Yoshikawa also has to have enough castrated bulls with the right temperament to handle a harness, all between 3 and 7 years old — the ideal age, according to Yoshikawa.

    Kelsey Lindsey, Alaska Dispatch News, 28 Aug. 2017

    See More

    These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'castrate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

    Word History

    Etymology Verb

    Latin castratus, past participle of castrare; akin to Greek keazein to split, Sanskrit śasati he slaughters

    First Known Use Verb

    1554, in the meaning defined at sense 2c

    Noun

    1639, in the meaning defined above

    Time Traveler

    The first known use of castrate was in 1554

    See more words from the same year

    Dictionary Entries Near castrate

    castrametation castrate castrated

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    Cite this Entry

    “Castrate.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/castrate. Accessed 23 Sep. 2022.

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    Kids Definition

    castrate

    verb

    cas·​trate ˈka-ˌstrāt

    castrated; castrating

    : to remove the sex glands of

    Medical Definition

    castrate 1 of 2

    transitive verb

    cas·​trate ˈkas-ˌtrāt

    castrated; castrating

    1 a

    : to deprive of the testes : GELD

    منبع مطلب : www.merriam-webster.com

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